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Posts Tagged ‘Emerging Church’

I was recently asked to be a part of a group blogging project at Said at Southern on David Wells’ new book The Courage to Be Protestant: Truth-lovers, Marketers, and Emergents in the Postmodern World. I volunteered to write a summary and analysis of chapter 2 of the book called “Christianity for Sale.”

The chapter is a critical assessment of the the market-driven direction of many evangelical churches today. Since some of our readers do not read Said at Southern, I thought I would post the article here as well. If you want to comment feel free to do so, but I would prefer that you comment over at S@S so that all the comments are in the same place! Let me know what you think.

Overview

Christianity for SaleI remember the first time I heard the word “evangelical.” I was in high school and had only been a Christian for about a month. I thought the word meant that a church preached the gospel–I was completely naïve to how loaded the term was.

Today the word “evangelical” carries with it a ton of baggage, much of which has very little to do with the gospel. I wish my naïvete had been correct because in today’s market-driven evangelical churches, it seems that the gospel has shifted from the foundation to the periphery. It may or may not be time to throw out the word “evangelical” but evangelical churches certainly cannot hope to bring glory to God if the methods of the market continue to trump those of Scripture.

David Wells calls attention in this chapter to this trajectory and rebukes such evangelical churches for letting the market take precedent over Scripture. What drives the marketers is the idea that “things are stagnating in the evangelical world and the ways of ‘doing’ church in the past won’t work with the newer generation.” Thus, evangelical churches, it is thought, must “change their way of doing business or face extinction.”

Many evangelical churches have turned to the marketing world for answers; it would seem that traditional or liturgical churches have ignored their customers as the way they “do church” has not changed over the years. Marketers, on the other hand, realize that in the business world, the customer is supreme. Indeed, as Wells says, “Customers, after all, are sovereign.” This is why today there are entire conferences for pastors on how to make one’s church more relevant that make almost no mention of doctrine, truth, Scripture, or expositional preaching. Apparently the market is not ripe for truth! Wells’ basic argument is that the “form” of these marketing churches “is actually affecting the content” and when the customer is sovereign, he determines the agenda over and against any other potential sovereign.

Several factors have added to the market-driven climate that much evangelicalism finds itself in. Modernization, the rearrangement of our societies around cities, has contributed along with the rise of the information age in which consumers are confronted with an over-abundance of information. Consumers are buying new products at ever increasing rates and the church has learned to speak the language of the market by offering consumers exactly what they want.

There are so many choices in the market place today that the customer must be treated very delicately–one false move and the customer will take his business elsewhere. This same mindset is taking place in many churches today who are struggling to keep up with the market in fear of losing those who they have marketed the church to. In pandering to the consumer, churches inevitably sacrifice the truth. When churches begin to sweep the hard truths of Scripture under the rug for the sake of getting people into the church doors, these hard truths run the risk of being lost altogether. What use is a seeker-sensitive church that never offers anything of substance for seekers to find?

Wells compares this delicate balance between consumer and customer to parents with disaffected children. These children feel their parents have been cruelly unjust towards them and the parents response is “to back off and take the path that inflicts the least pain.” What these parents fail to see, Wells notes, is that “they are about to be robbed . . . out of their good intentions, space is enlarged around the child, latitude allowed, rules are rescinded, rebukes are stifled except in rare cases, and expectations are lifted.” Despite the parent’s best efforts to give their children space to grow out of such onerous attitudes, the result of such abdication is children who are more onerous and intolerable than ever before.

This is a powerful metaphor because I think Wells is correct–this is exactly what is happening in many churches today. In garnering themselves to the market, churches have actually driven a wedge between the average church member and theology, between doctrine and practice. Wells cites a Barna poll which reports that “in America 45 percent say they are born again but only 9 percent, and maybe only 7 percent, give any evidence of Christian seriousness by way of minimal biblical knowledge for making life’s decisions.” The result of this delicate dance is church members who do not know their Bibles and do not live by them. This is because the world has set the agenda for church over and against the Bible.

Analysis

Although the emergent church movement represents a significant shift in the evangelical church today, I think that the influence of the market-driven churches are much more widely felt. This can be seen in the vast number of mega churches present today-in America in 2005, there were 1,210 mega churches (churches with more than 2,000 members) as opposed to 16 in 1960. This can be seen in Barnes and Noble and Borders when Your Best Life Now competes for position on the best-sellers shelf with the latest Oprah Book Club title.

This can be seen in the disturbing statistics on how many “Christians” in the evangelical world today actually read their Bibles and apply them to their day-to-day lives. This can be seen in churches that have the most up-to-date facilities, all the best technology, and multiple services based on every genre of music but are clueless about what it means to be a member of a local church.

Wells is absolutely correct when he points out that the needs consumers identify for themselves are not their true needs. The true needs of every man, woman, and child are the needs God identifies for them. Indeed, we suppress the truth in unrighteousness (Rom. 1:18) and “are incapable of being obedient to it (Rom. 8:7).” In other words we need the Lord to change us-we need a revival of Biblical Christianity because the gospel is the power of God unto salvation (Rom. 1:16).

Furthermore, Wells cites a study by Thom Rainer on the unchurched in America that indicates that the people are leaving these market-driven churches because they came to church to hear preaching and to learn doctrine! The death knell of market driven churches is the ever-changing nature of the market.

What good are churches doing if they succeed in getting people into the church but fail to give them anything of substance to which they can commit to? I am all for getting seekers to come to church, but not at the expense of minimizing or eliminating doctrine and the commitment implied in Biblical church membership. If we continue to let the market drive our Christianity, it will inevitably cease to be distinctively and historically “Christian.” You know there is a problem in the evangelical church in America when the preacher of the largest church can tell Larry King that he believes Mormons are Christians and yet there is not a mass exodus of people leaving his church!

The stakes are high, if our churches continue to pander to the market they may for some time continue to draw a crowd, but if in doing so they are sacrificing the truth of the Bible then they have utterly failed at their primary objective. The church’s primary objective is to display the glory of God in Christ Jesus. When the preaching of the cross is no longer the church’s firm foundation, the church will inevitably fail-not by the world’s standards but by the Lord’s. I don’t mean to communicate that we cannot learn anything from the marketing world, but when the market drives our Christianity over and against the Word of God, our evangelical Christianity has ceased to be truly Christian or evangelical. I have not decided whether I am ready to search for a new term to replace evangelical, but I am determined more than ever, to join Wells in preaching Christ and him crucified and letting God’s perfect Word set the agenda for my church. Wells makes a compelling case:

It is time to reach back into the Word of God, as we have not done in a generation, and find again a serious faith for undoubtedly serious times. It is now time to close the door on this disastrous experiment in retailing faith, to do so politely but nevertheless firmly. It is time to move on. It is time to become Protestant once again.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. How has the market-driven model affected Churches you have been a part of? (Please don’t name names, share stories but don’t slander anyone)
  2. Can we salvage the term evangelical and still distinguish ourselves from the marketers who have essentially made the gospel secondary?
  3. Am I being too critical? What can we learn from these marketers?
  4. Wells doesn’t lump all mega churches into the category of marketers, how does a mega church (or any growing church for that matter) avoid the inevitable temptation to pander themselves to the consumer?
  5. How ought we to seek to grow our churches biblically?

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We are all probably a little bit more postmodern than we are willing to admit. I, for instance will admit that my taste in music is quite post-modern—I listen to a little bit of everything and much of it I could not begin to tell you what it is about. We are living in world impacted by postmodern philosophy and values. To ignore this reality is to do a great disservice to our responsibility to live “honorable lives” among the unbelieving world (1 Peter 2:12). But should Christians become “postmodern” to reach the postmodern world? Dave Tomlinson, author of The Post Evangelical, says yes—evangelicalism is dying and evangelicals must become “post-evangelicals.”

Post-EvangelicalIn The Post-Evangelical, Tomlinson asserts that we are living in a thoroughly postmodern world where Christianity must change if it is to thrive in our present culture. Thus Tomlinson calls for an abandonment of traditional evangelicalism in favor of what he calls “post-evangelicalism.”

I have chosen this book as the subject of the first of a series of posts planned on the emerging/emergent church because it reflects early emergent thinking. Tomlinson originally released this book in the UK in 1995 when the emergent church movement was beginning to crystallize. Tomlinson released The Post-Evangelical in the U.S. four years ago in 2003. This is an incredibly interesting book because the US version includes commentary from people like Doug Pagitt (a famous emergent pastor who shares many of Tomlinson’s concerns) and Mark Galli (an editor of Christianity Today who does not agree with many of Tomlinson’s views).

Tomlinson’s book feels a little like “10 Things I Hate About Evangelicals.” For as much as he claims the post-evangelicalism provides a more compassionate alternative to cold, dogmatic evangelical churches, Tomlinson is very demeaning and cold toward evangelicals. If anything is unacceptable to Tomlinson it is evangelical churches who think they have a monopoly on the truth, yet Tomlinson seems to maintain a monopoly on the idea that evangelicals are fools. If that sounds harsh, read the book, Tomlinson wants churches to show grace toward everyone but he shows no grace toward evangelicals.

I am going to write two more articles on The Post Evangelical, in these posts I will address the two issues that Tomlinson devotes entire chapters to. First, Tomlinson asks the question, “Are post-evangelicals liberals in sheep’s clothing?,” and Secondly, “is the Bible the Word of God?” These are two important questions. The first question could be rephrased like this: “is the emergent church anything new?” In other words, is the emergent church saying anything that hasn’t been said before—is it really possible that the emergent church could revolutionize Christianity and the world? Tomlinson thinks it can—I will address this issue in my first post. The second question addresses whether the Bible is the proper foundation for Chrisitanity? Is the Bible inerrant? Tomlinson says “the inerrancy debate is a waste of time” (112). In my second post I will address Tomlinson’s view of Scripture and how this affects his theology and ultimately what Tomlinson sees as the foundation of the emergent church.

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How Influential is the Emergent Church?

With Rob Bell touring the country telling everyone that God isn’t mad at them, Doug Pagitt seemingly admitting that he believes Buddhists go to heaven, and Brian McLaren releasing his book Everything Must Change, it seems fit for me to pose a question to you.How influential is the Emerging/Emergent Church right now? Has it cooled down? Is it on the rise? Leave a comment and let us know what you think.

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Here is this week’s thermometer–this week is a mixture of interesting, ridiculous, concerning, and tragic articles. My takes on these articles are brief, so if you have a take on one of these stories, please leave a comment. Also, feel free to leave a question in the comments section.

1. The “Millennials” Are Coming”: This article from CBS News reports that America’s 20-somethings, also known as “millennials” are changing the American workplace. The article reports that millennials are self-centered, tech savvy, and incredibly sensitive. They need to be coached in their jobs rather than commanded–after all, millennials grew up getting trophies just for showing up and constantly being told by their parents how great they are no matter how they perform in a given area. Thus the article reports that the millennials’ work ethic is different from his baby boomer forbears–millennials think all they have to do is show up and when things get difficult they just float to a new and easier job. Millennials are also refusing to grow up, the article reports that more than 50% of college seniors move back home after graduation!

These critiques of my generation (I am a 20-something, after all) are not new, but it ought to cause us pause to think about how much of the self-centeredness and lazy work ethic of our generation has affected us. We are probably more influenced by these things than we are willing to admit. This article represents an important cultural shift in the 20-something generation and is a good example of why I wrote the article “Winners NEVER Quit!

2. Rob Bell on Tour: Rob Bell is currently traveling around the country delivering a message titled “The Gods’ Aren’t Angry.” Mr. Bell said, he will present an “anthropology of religion,” looking at where humans first got the idea of gods, goddesses and deities and why people often feel that “some god or goddess somewhere” is angry “and needs to be appeased,” he said.

I have no idea what Rob Bell is saying in these messages (it doesn’t really sound good but I can’t say more than that) but what I do know is that every venue on his tour is sold out except for New York. Further 56,000 people download his sermons every week, 1.1 million people have purchased his NOOMA videos, and 500,000 copies of his two books have been sold. I am not exactly sure how influential the emerging church is right now, but if Rob Bell is any indication, its influence isn’t going away any time soon.

3. Stone Age Feminism?: This is a ridiculous article–I really scratch my head at some of the things that manage to make America’s “elite” newspapers (this one is from the Boston Globe). This article sites a new theory, based on “research,” on why Neanderthals went extinct–stone age feminism! Seriously . . . stone age feminism. Here is an excerpt from the article:

Among Neanderthals, hunting big beasts was women’s work as well as men’s, so it’s a safe bet that female hunters got stomped, gored, and worse with appalling frequency. And a high casualty rate among fertile women – the vital “reproductive core” of a tiny population – could well have meant demographic disaster for a species already struggling to survive among monster bears, yellow-fanged hyenas, and cunning homosapien newcomers.

Just for fun, lets pretend this article is accurate . . . what would that say about feminism? Clearly these scientists must be male chauvinist pigs!

4. Teen Sex is Not Linked to Delinquency?: According to this Washington Post article, new research on teen sex indicates that previous research about the link between teen sex and delinquency is inaccurate. In fact the article asserts that “youngsters who have consensual sex in their early-teen or even preteen years are, if anything, less likely to engage in delinquent behavior later on.” After reading the article I think that is far too bold a statement.

This research is being used to oppose abstinence only sex education. Suppose for a moment that the claims of this research are true–does that mean that we should not teach abstinence in sex education? Of course not, abstinence only sex education is based on moral principles and you cannot call moral principles into question simply by asserting that society has misappropriated or abused those principles. This article not only promotes a immoral sex education in our schools but also calls for the ‘relativizing’ of moral principles based on societal circumstances!

5. Should the “Lord’s Resistance Army” be Forgiven?: The Lord’s Resistance Army, a rebel group in Uganda responsible for the killing thousands of Ugandans, is asking for forgiveness for the crimes they committed against their countrymen. The LRA “terrorized and killed thousands, mutilating civilians, abducting children and displacing over a million during its 20-year rebellion in the east African nation.” Now that the rebel group has been overthrown, they are touring the country asking for forgiveness from the citizens of Uganda. Uganda called in the International Criminal Court (ICC) to try them for war crimes, the ICC would consider dropping the charges if Uganda could establish a “competent tribunal to try them.” Thus the LRA is campaigning across the country for an “‘alternative justice system’ — one based on traditional forgiveness rituals.” In other words this Rebel group, that is guilty of thousands of murders of their own countrymen, is trying to get off easy. There is no telling what will happen–the situation in Uganda is far from stable right now.

Here is a challenge for you, take 2 minutes right now and pray. Pray that God would bring justice and pray that God would use the Christians in Uganda who have faced persecution from the LRA to maintain a consistent and faithful witness to the gospel in the midst of this difficult situation.

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