1 Peter 1:1-2 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
There is much that could be said here as well, but I will just say that this text cannot be referring only to the corporate election of Israel as each of these provinces in Asia Minor were predominately Gentile provinces. Further, Peter clearly connects election to foreknowledge and sanctification.
Further, if you read on in 1 Peter 1:20-21, Peter says that Christ was “foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for your sake, 21 who through him are believers in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.” Again, this foreknowledge must be more than just knowing beforehand as God relates it to Christ’s resurrection which was certainly foreordained by God. All this was done so that our faith and hope are in God and thus not in our own ability to believe or our choice to believe.
1 Peter 2:9-10 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10 Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.
Again, this is clearly election language that is applied to Gentiles. The purpose for which these gentiles were chosen was to “proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness and into his marvelous light.” Don’t you see God’s pure unmerited grace here being poured out to Gentiles based simply on God’s choosing. I don’t know why God chooses some and not others but I know that these texts say he does and I know that God is good and right in doing so. I know that I didn’t deserve to experience such grace but I have and now I am free to proclaim his excellencies! How good and gracious our God is!
James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom, which he has promised to those who love him?
“The poor” refers to believers (c.f. the Sermon on the Mount–Matt 6:1ff-blessed are the poor in spirit) and God has chosen them be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom. Further, “those who love him” makes it clear that James has believers in mind here, it is those who love God (believers) to whom God has promised the kingdom. God chooses them for this. God has chosen believers to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom.
Over the course of these posts on election, I hope it has become abundantly clear that the Bible has a great deal to say about election. While my posts have not dealt with every text concerning election, I think it should be noted that the Scriptures speak clearly on election and without doing an exegetical backflips, we see that God’s elective choice is not conditioned by anything in man but rather it is only conditioned upon His own good pleasure and will. At the heart of unconditional election is the all-to-important reality that God is loving, gracious, and good and God saves sinners! In fact, if I could sum up the Doctrines of Grace in three words they would be this–“God saves sinners!”
Praise God for his glorious grace to us in Christ!